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2018年3月30日 星期五

MORNING RECON: Top 10 WW I Dogfights; Army's Future Vertical Lift Won't Begin Until 2030; Air Force Pushing Lockheed to Reduce F-35 Sustainment Costs

3/30/2018
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Morning Recon


Good Friday morning and welcome to MORNING RECON.  On this day in 1945, a Soviet cable was intercepted that referred to an agent named Ales, later suspected of being Alger Hiss. The intercepted cables were classified as part of the "Venona Project" released in 1996. The US began releasing the coded Venona cables in 1995. They implicated 349 US citizens and residents as Soviet helpers.

RealClearDefense Today's Exclusive Stories:
Today's Top Stories

NATIONAL

Trump to Award Medal of Honor to World War II Infantryman
By Hope Hodge Seck, Military.com: "President Donald Trump will soon award the Medal of Honor posthumously to an Army lieutenant who directed artillery fire from an exposed position for three hours while fending off "fanatical German infantrymen" during a 1945 battle near Houssen, France."

With Diplomat Expulsions, Trump Punches Russia Back
By Rebeccah L. Heinrichs, The Hill: "President Trump demonstrated once again he's willing to punch Russia if it punches us or our friends." 

Army's Future Vertical Lift Won't Begin Until 2030
By Loren Thompson, Forbes: "With the focus of military strategy shifting from counter-insurgency operations to great-power competition, Army leaders are already worried about the survivability of the current helicopter fleet in fights with countries like Russia."

Deployed Surface Forces Benefitting from SMWDC Training, Technologies
By Megan Eckstein, USNI News: "Three years after the conception of the Naval Surface and Mine Warfighting Development Center, the Warfare Tactics Instructors that have come out of SMWDC are making a tangible difference in how surface ships conduct their missions."

Air Force Pushing Lockheed Martin to Reduce F-35 Sustainment Costs
By Yasmin Tadjdeh, National Defense Magazine: "Lockheed Martin must reduce the F-35 joint strike fighters' operation and support costs, said the chief of staff of the Air Force March 29."

Navy's LCS to Operate Fleets of Surface and Subsurface Drones
By Kris Osborn, Warrior Maven: "The service's growing fleet of unmanned surface vessels and mine-hunting undersea drones are making rapid technological improvements. Increasingly, they can perform longer-range surveillance of enemy activity, find and neutralize mines and also launch coordinated surface drone swarm attacks."

Army Accelerates Five Years: MSHORAD, MML, Lasers
By Sydney Freedberg, Breaking Defense: "To counter MiGs, Sukhois, Hinds, and missiles, the U.S. Army is rushing anti-aircraft and anti-missile systems into service up to five years ahead of its original schedule."

Dead Drop: March 30
By Anonymous, The Cipher Brief: "H.R. HEAVE HO TIMELINE: Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster's eventual departure as National Security Advisor did not come as a surprise. There were lots of rumors that the three-star general's days in the West Wing were numbered. But the exact timing of his axing was a bit of a shock..."

Top 10 Craziest WW I Dogfights
By Brandon Christensen, RealClearHistory: "The first airplane flight was on Dec. 17, 1903, in North Carolina. By the middle of 1914, pilots on opposing sides of World War I were throwing bricks and shooting pistols at each other, and soon enough machine guns were mounted on planes and pilots began keeping score."

INTERNATIONAL

Switzerland Dedicates Funds for Missile, Fighter Jet Procurement
By Pierre Tran, Defense News: "The Swiss defense ministry has earmarked 1.3 billion-1.5 billion Swiss francs (U.S. $1.4 billion-$1.6 billion) to buy a surface-to-air missile, a key part of an overall 8 billion franc budget that includes acquiring fighter jets, a senior Swiss officer said."

COMMENTARY & ANALYSIS

Military Families Deserve Education Choice: A Response to Carol Burris
By Lindsey M. Burke, RealClearDefense: "After numerous conversations with military families, it became clear to us that the education of their children was a kitchen table issue that dominates the conversation night-after-night."

The Pentagon's Secret, Permanent Wars
By Bonnie Kristian, RealClearDefense: "Two months after the lethal ambush in Niger that killed four American troops in October, U.S. forces were involved in another skirmish in the central African nation with militants linked to the Islamic State."

Sailor 2025: The Navy's Strategy for People–Part II
By Robert P. Burke, Proceedings Magazine: "Historically, all-volunteer-force recruiting efforts have been limited to entry-level positions. This model will continue to serve well for producing warriors and leaders in traditional core warfighting areas, but it is clear those core areas may need augmentation based on mission specifics, time, or technology."​

When the World Banned War
By Sean Brennan & Nerea Cal, Modern War Institute: "Ninety years ago, representatives of some of the world's leading nations came together and did something momentous: they outlawed war. While even a cursory study of contemporary world history suggests their action was less than wholly successful, at a 1928 gathering in Paris, dignitaries from fifteen nations signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact."​

Douhet, Brodie, & Cyberspace
By James Torrence, Small Wars Journal: "Cyberspace is unique because it "offers state and non-state actors the ability to wage campaigns against American political, economic, and security interests" without requiring a physical presence."​

U.S. Corporations Need Military-Caliber Cybersecurity Capabilities and Methods
By Michael Marks, Morning Consult: "Fraternal Jackal (APT33), an Iran-backed hacking conglomerate, launched Operation Ababil in 2012, a cyberattack on 46 banks in the United States. The 10-month attack caused intermittent outages at the banks and demonstrated Iran's willingness to attack our nation's financial infrastructure..."

U.K. National Security Adviser: Russia Expulsions Just First Step
By Kimberly Dozier, The Cipher Brief: ""It's mainly about a coherent approach by the Western alliance to a range of aggressive Russian behavior, of which the attack in Salisbury was just the latest, obviously a very acute example," Sedwill said told a small group of reporters."

Moscow Surprised by Western Show of Solidarity With Britain
By Pavel Felgenhauer, Eurasia Daily Monitor: "The strong demonstration of Western solidarity with the United Kingdom in response to the March 4 poisoning of double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in Salisbury, England, by a nerve agent known as "Novichok," secretly developed in the Soviet Union, has apparently caught Moscow by surprise."​

European Defense Needs to Go On Offense
By Doug Wise & Richard Barrons, The Cipher Brief: "Disruptive change in European defense is needed, and fast because adversary military capability has been dramatically rising from Russia's and China's thoughtful and strategic investment in new military methods and technologies."

Russia Employs New 'Hybrid War' Methods Against Georgia
By Giorgi Menabde, Eurasia Daily Monitor: "Analysis of the dangerous situation around the occupied regions of Georgia lends credence to Avalishvili's theory. The strategy has already been shown to work with the Tatuanshvili case. Hence, the occupation forces can be expected to increase their use of abductions of Georgian citizens to again influence the emotions of Georgian society."

A U.S.-Russia Nuclear Arms Race? Where?
By Matthew Costlow, Defense News: "Albert Einstein once quipped that "politics is more difficult than physics," and after a most distinguished career commenting on both topics, he would know. As a prominent but ultimately unsuccessful activist against the United States building nuclear weapons after World War II, Einstein found it much easier to sway scientists than the American public."

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