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2018年4月25日 星期三

MORNING RECON: Navy Accepts Partial Delivery of Zumwalt-Class DDG; Russia Widens EW War; F-16 Crash In Arizona; Export Control Reform; Anzac Day

4/25/2018
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Morning Recon


Good Wednesday morning and welcome to MORNING RECON.  On this day in 1898, the United States formally declared war on Spain. The US House passed the declaration 311 to 6. After the Maine was destroyed on 15 February, newspaper publishers Hearst and Pulitzer decided that the Spanish were to blame, and they publicized this theory as fact in their New York City papers using sensationalistic and astonishing accounts of "atrocities" committed by the Spanish in Cuba by using headlines in their newspapers, such as "Spanish Murderers" and "Remember The Maine." 

RealClearDefense Today's Exclusive:
Today's Top Stories

NATIONAL

Sen. Reed Presses Air Force Leaders On JSTARS Plans
By Sydney Freedberg, Breaking Defense: "Like the fabled boy who cried "wolf," the Air Force has changed its mind so many times on whether it has needed to retire various aircraft that people may not believe it anymore."

Defense Industry Needs 5 Percent Annual Budget Growth to Stay Healthy
By Joe Gould, Defense News: "The American defense-industrial base needs Pentagon budgets to grow at least five percent per year to remain healthy and stable, the industry's leading trade group said in a report released Wednesday."

Lockheed, Pentagon Still Haggling Over F-35 Suspension
By Michael Bruno, Aviation Week: "Lockheed Martin and the Pentagon have not yet figured out to get past an issue that spurred a suspension of F-35 Joint Strike Fighter deliveries, but the prime contractor's chief executive said April 24 she is confident they will soon."

DoD Says Cloud Winner Must Keep Up with Innovation
By Anthony Capaccio, Bloomberg: "The winner of the U.S. military's competition for broad cloud computing services will be evaluated after an initial two-year contract for how well it's kept up with industry innovations including on cost, data transfer, security and compatibility among systems."

Marines Look to Arm Ospreys With Rockets, Guns and Missiles
By Kris Osborn, Warrior Maven: "Rockets, guns and missiles are among the weapons now under consideration, as the Corps examines requirements for an "all-quadrant" weapons application versus other possible configurations such as purely "forward firing" weapons."

Navy Accepts Partial Delivery of Zumwalt-Class DDG Michael Monsoor
By Megan Eckstein, USNI News: "Michael Monsoor conducted its builder's trials in December 2017 and January 2018 and completed its acceptance trials on Feb. 1. The hull today delivers to the Navy – eight years and one month after the start of fabrication – and the ship will now begin its transit to its homeport in San Diego, Ca., for commissioning in January 2019 and for the combat system installation, activation and testing."

Air Force F-16 Fighter Crashes in Arizona
By Oriana Pawlyk, Military.com: "A U.S. F-16 Fighting Falcon from Luke Air Force Base, Arizona, crash landed during a routine training flight near the Arizona-California border Tuesday. The pilot ejected and was in good condition, officials said in a release."

5 Defining Army Reserve Moments
By Kris Osborn, Military.com: "From brutal trench warfare in World War I to fighting the Nazis and challenging Soviet Russia during the Berlin Airlift, Army Reserve forces have faced the perils of combat for more than 100 years."

51 Years Later, Fallen Vietnam Marine Honored With Silver Star
By Gidget Fuentes, USNI News: "With a Marine down and several dozen heavily-armed enemy fighters approaching his location, 1st Lt. Philip H. Sauer grabbed his .45-cal pistol and ordered his other three men off the hill outside Khe Sanh."

INTERNATIONAL

U.S., RUSSIA: Russia Widens EW War, 'Disabling' EC-130s in Syria
By Colin Clark, Breaking Defense: "The Compass Call is supposed to be one of America's foremost electronic warfare weapons, but the EC-130s flying near Syria are being attacked and disabled "in the most aggressive EW environment on the planet," the head of Special Operations Command said."

ISRAEL, SYRIA: Israel May Hit Russian Systems in Syria
From Haaretz: "Russia to send advanced S-300 anti-aircraft missiles to Assad, officials said Monday, warning Israel not to attack the new air defense systems."

CHINA: Will China's New Carrier Start Sea Trials This Week?
By Franz-Stefan Gady, The Diplomat: "The People's Liberation Army Navy's (PLA Navy) first domestically designed and built aircraft carrier, the Type 001A Shandong (CV-17), could take to the sea for the first time this week."

INDIA: India Shelves FGFA Project – Where to Now?
By Dan Darling, Forecast International: "After years of stalled negotiations with Russia, the Indian Air Force (IAF) is pulling the plug on an 11-year collaborative effort to develop and produce a fifth-generation fighter that would be used by both countries."

COMMENTARY & ANALYSIS

Export Control Reform: Better Late than Never
By Rachel Zissimos, RealClearDefense: "The memo brings U.S. policy into closer alignment with the economic and security interests of the U.S. and its allies, through changes that reflect the rapid pace of technological innovation and the competitive global environment."

Nuclear SWOs Are Ready to Fight
By Desmond Walker, Proceedings Magazine: "DIVOs develop shiphandling proficiency, cultivate warfare knowledge and employment, manage an abundance of administrative, maintenance, and operational programs and requirements, and practice the application of authority over small teams. All make their readiness for war a special focus."

War Books: AI for the Military Generalist
By Mick Ryan, Modern War Institute: "A 2017 U.S. Department of Defense study of the future operating environment has described artificial intelligence as the most disruptive technology of our time. The potential applications of artificial intelligence and the deep learning capabilities it brings may be one of the most profound artifacts of the fourth industrial revolution."

The Last Sortie of the German High Sea Fleet—April 1918
By James Goldrick, The Strategist (ASPI): "23 April 2018 marks the centenary of the British raid on the German-held ports of Zeebrugge and Ostend on the Belgian coast."

Anzac Day and the Matter of Meaning
By Rodger Shanahan, the interpreter: "Personal connection makes a day of commemoration more meaningful, and perhaps less likely to be aggrandized."

New Russian Missiles May Be Aimed East
By Norman Friedman, Proceedings Magazine: "It seems significant that Putin did not unveil some exotic means of defending Russia against Western strategic weapons. Effective large-scale missile defense is the only way the nuclear balance of power can be tipped, but neither Russia nor the United States can buy enough strategic interceptors to defend completely against the quantity of nuclear weapons the other already has."

Beating Moscow at its Main Game: Espionage
By Richard Boucher, The Cipher Brief: "We talk a lot these days about smart power and hard power and soft power even the sharp power of manipulating information. In the end, power and influence have always been exercised in multiple dimensions – military, economic, political, ideological."

One Step Forward, One Step Back for PLA Military Education
By Ying Yu Lin, China Monitor: "CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping's sweeping reorganization of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 2016 was meant to shake up ossified bureaucracies, boost operational jointness and technical ability, and refocus the PLA on its mission to "fight and win wars.""

Saudi Belligerence on Iran Threatens U.S.
By Bruce Riedel, Al-Monitor: "King Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud and his son are pursuing the most virulent anti-Iran and anti-Shiite policy in modern Saudi history. This approach has deep roots in Wahhabi history. Mixed with Iran's expansive regional meddling, the combination is dangerous and explosive."

Islamic State Spokesman Says 'New Phase' of Jihad Has Begun
By Thomas Joscelyn, FDD's Long War Journal: "Al-Muhajir points to the organization's global network and praises the jihadists who continue to fight in its name everywhere from West Africa to South Asia. He notes that some are "celebrating" the so-called caliphate's losses in Mosul, Sirte, and Raqqa – the three most important cities in Baghdadi's nascent empire at the height of its power."

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